An Asus Eee PC 700, the aboriginal banal netbook, acclimated a 7 inch screen.
The origins of the netbook can be traced to the awful accepted Toshiba ambit of Libretto sub-notebooks. The 6" Libretto 20 dates aback to aboriginal 1996 and advised alone 840g. Apple aswell had a band of PowerBook Duos that were ultra-portable Macintosh laptops in the mid 90s. Added recently, Psion's now-discontinued netBook line, the OLPC XO-1 (initially alleged US$100 laptop) and the Palm Foleo were all small, portable, network-enabled computers. The all-encompassing use of the appellation "netbook", however, began in 2007 if Asus apparent the Asus Eee PC. Originally advised for arising markets, the 23 cm Г— 17 cm (9.1 in Г— 6.7 in) accessory advised about 0.9 kg (2 lb) and featured a 7 in (18 cm) display, a keyboard about 85% the admeasurement of a accustomed keyboard, a solid-state drive and a custom adaptation of Linux with a simplified user interface geared appear netbook use. Following the Eee PC, Everex launched its Linux-based CloudBook; Windows XP and Windows Vista models were aswell alien and MSI appear the Wind - others anon followed suit.
The OLPC project, accepted for its addition in bearing a durable, cost- and power-efficient netbook for developing countries, is admired as one of the aloft factors that led top computer accouterments manufacturers to activate creating bargain netbooks for the customer market. If the aboriginal Asus Eee PC awash over 300,000 units in four months, companies such as Dell and Acer took agenda and began bearing their own bargain netbooks. And while the OLPC XO-1 targets a altered admirers than do the added manufacturers' netbooks, it appears that OLPC is now adverse competition. Developing countries now accept a ample best of vendors, from which they can accept which bargain netbook they prefer.
Netbook bazaar acceptance aural laptops in additional bisected of 2008 based on the amount of artefact clicks in the Laptop Subcategory per ages by PriceGrabber
By backward 2008, netbooks had amorphous to yield bazaar allotment abroad from notebooks. In adverse to earlier, abundantly bootless attempts to authorize mini computers as a new chic of boilerplate claimed accretion accessories congenital about analogously big-ticket platforms acute proprietary software applications or arty astringent account limitations, the contempo success of netbooks can aswell be attributed to the actuality that PC technology has now accomplished abundant to acquiesce absolutely amount optimized implementations with abundant achievement to clothing the needs of a majority of PC users. This is illustrated by the actuality that archetypal arrangement achievement of a netbook is on the akin of a boilerplate PC in 2001, at about one division of the cost. While this achievement akin suffices for a lot of of the user needs, it acquired an added absorption in resource-efficient applications such as Google's Chrome, and affected Microsoft to extend availability of Windows XP to defended bazaar share. It is estimated that about thirty times added netbooks were awash in 2008 (11.4 million, 70% of which were in Europe) than in 2007 (400,000). This trend is able by the acceleration of web-based applications as able-bodied as adaptable networking and, according to Active Magazine, netbooks are evolving into "super-portable laptops for professionals". The advancing recession is aswell allowance with the growing sales of netbooks.
In Australia, the New South Wales Department of Education and Training, in affiliation with Lenovo, provided Year 9 (high school) acceptance in government top schools with Lenovo S10e netbooks in 2009, Lenovo Mini 10 netbooks in 2010, Lenovo Edge 11 netbooks in 2011 and a adapted Lenovo X130e netbook in 2012, anniversary preloaded with software including Microsoft Office and Adobe Systems' Creative Suite 4. These were provided beneath Prime Minister Kevin Rudd's Digital Education Revolution, or DER. The netbooks ran Windows 7 Enterprise. These netbooks were anchored with Computrace Lojack for laptops that the badge can use to clue the accessory if it is absent or stolen. The NSW DET retains buying of these netbooks until the apprentice graduates from Year 12, if the apprentice can accumulate it. The Government of Trinidad and Tobago вЂ“ Prime Minister Kamla Persad Bisseser - is aswell accouterment HP laptops to anatomy 1 Acceptance (11 year olds) with the aforementioned badge trackable software as above.
Greece provided all 13 year old acceptance (middle school, or gymnasium, freshmen) and their agents with netbooks in 2009 through the "Digital Classroom Initiative". Acceptance were accustomed one different advertisement each, with which they adored the netbook of their choice, up to a в‚¬450 amount ceiling, in accommodating shops throughout the country. These netbooks came arranged with localised versions of either Windows XP (or higher) or accessible antecedent (e.g. Linux) operating systems, active and wireless networking functionality, antivirus protection, preactivated affectionate controls, and an educational software package.
Microsoft and Intel accept approved to "cement" netbooks in the low end of the bazaar to assure boilerplate anthology PC sales, because they get lower margins on bargain models. The companies accept bound the blueprint of netbooks, but admitting this aboriginal accessories manufacturers accept appear higher-end netbooks models as of March 2009.
Ending in 2008 the address was that the archetypal netbook featured a 1.4 kg (3 lb) weight, a 9 in (23 cm) screen, wireless Internet connectivity, Linux or Windows XP, an Intel Atom processor, and a amount of beneath than $400 US. A mid-2009 bi-weekly commodity said that a archetypal netbook is 1.2 kg (2.6 lb), $300 US, and has a 10 in (25 cm) screen, 1 GB of random-access memory, a 160 GB harder deejay drive, and a wireless transceiver for both home and a adaptable network. Buyers collection the netbook bazaar appear beyond screens, which grew from 7 in (18 cm) in the aboriginal Asus Eee PC 700 to 12 in (30.5 cm) models in the summer of 2009.
Having ailing at about 20% of the carriageable computer market, netbooks started to hardly lose bazaar allotment (within the category) in aboriginal 2010, ancillary with the actualization and success of the iPad. Technology analyst Ross Rubin argued two and a bisected years after in Engadget that "Netbooks never got any respect. While Steve Jobs rebuked the netbook at the iPad's introduction, the iPad owes a bit of debt to the little laptops. The netbook approved the abeyant of an inexpensive, carriageable additional accretion device, with a awning admeasurement of about 10 inches, advised primarily for media burning and ablaze productivity." Although some manufacturers anon abhorrent antagonism from the iPad, some analysts acicular out that larger, absolutely fledged laptops had entered the amount ambit of netbooks at about the aforementioned time.
The 11.6-inch MacBook Air, alien in backward 2010, compared agreeably to abounding netbooks in agreement of processing ability but aswell ergonomics, at 2.3 pounds getting lighter than some 10-inch netbooks, attributable in allotment to the affiliation of the beam accumulator chips on the capital argumentation board. It was declared as a accomplished netbook (or at atomic as what a netbook should be) by several technology commentators, even admitting Apple has never referred to it as such, sometimes anecdotic itвЂ”in the words of Steve JobsвЂ”as "the third affectionate of notebook." The access akin archetypal had a MSRP of $999, costing decidedly added than the boilerplate netbook, as abundant as three or four times more.
In 2011 book sales overtook netbooks for the aboriginal time, and in 2012 netbook sales fell by 25 percent, year-on-year. The abiding abatement back 2010 had been a lot of arresting in the United States and in Western Europe, while Latin America was still assuming some bashful growth. In December 2011, Dell appear that it was departure the netbook market. In May 2012, Toshiba appear it was accomplishing the same, at atomic in the United States. An August 2012 commodity by John C. Dvorak in PC Magazine claimed that the appellation "netbook" is "nearly gone from the dictionary already", accepting been abolished in the bazaar abode abundantly by the added able (and MacBook Air inspired) UltrabookвЂ”described as "a netbook on steroids"вЂ”and to a bottom admeasurement by tablets. In September 2012 Asus, Acer and MSI appear that they will stop accomplishment 10-inch netbooks. Simultaneously Asus appear they will stop developing all Eee PC products, instead absorption on their alloyed tablet-netbook Transformer line.